SAPROF
Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk
NEW - Research references

The following works include empirical data on the SAPROF:

  1. Abidin, Z.,  Davoren, M., Naughton, L., Gibbons, O., Nulty, A. Kennedy, H.G. (2013). Susceptibility (risk and protective) factors for in-patient violence and self-harm. BMC Psychiatry, 13, 197. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/13/197
  2. Barnard-Croft, E. (2014). A quantitative research report on the validity of the SAPROF to predict community violence, with a focus on comparisons across different diagnostic groups. Doctoral Thesis. University of Manchester.
  3. Coid, J.W., Kllis, C., Doyle, M., Shaw, J., & Ullrich, S. ( 2015). Identifying causal risk factors for violence among discharged patients. Plos One, 11, 1-17. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142493
  4. Coupland, R.B.A. (2015). An examination of dynamic risk, protective factors, and treatment-related change in violent offenders. Doctoral Thesis. University of Saskatchewan.
  5. Davoren, M., Abidin, Z., Naughton, L., Gibbons, O., Nulty, A., Wright, B., & Kennedy, H. G. (2013). Prospective study of factors influencing conditional discharge from a forensic hospital: the DUNDRUM-3 programme completion and DUNDRUM-4 recovery structured professional judgement instruments and risk. BMC psychiatry, 13, 185. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/13/185
  6. de Vries Robbé, M., de Vogel, V., & de Spa, E. (2011). Protective factors for violence risk in forensic psychiatric patients. A retrospective validation study of the SAPROF. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 10, 178-186. Doi: 10.1080/14999013.2011.600232
  7. de Vries Robbé, M., de Vogel, V., Koster, K., & Bogaerts, S. (2015). Assessing protective factors for sexually violent offending with the SAPROF. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 27, 51-70. Doi: 10.1177/1079063214550168
  8. de Vries Robbé, M., de Vogel, V., & Douglas, K.S. (2013). Risk factors and protective factors: A two-sided dynamic approach to violence risk assessment. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 24, 440-457. Doi: 10.1080/14789949.2013.818162
  9. de Vries Robbé, M., de Vogel, V., Douglas, K.S., & Nijman, H.L.I. (2015). Changes in dynamic risk and protective factors for violence during inpatient forensic psychiatric treatment: Predicting reductions in post-discharge community recidivism. Law and Human Behavior, 39, 53-61. Doi: 10.1037/lhb0000089
  10. de Vries Robbé, M., de Vogel, V., Wever, E.C., Douglas, K.S., & Nijman, H.L.I. (2015). Risk and protective factors for inpatient aggression. Submitted for publication.
  11. Doyle, M., e.a. (2014). Discharges to prison from medium secure psychiatric units in England and Wales. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 205, 177-182. Doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.136622
  12. Fernandes, B.R.O. & Neves, C. (2014). Fatores de risco e proteção em jovens a cumprir medidas tutelares educativas na comunidade. Poster presented at II Congresso Internacional - Crime, Justiça e Sociedade.
  13. Klein, V., Rettenberger, M., Yoon, D., Köhler, N., & Briken, P. (2015). Protective factors and recidivism in accused juveniles who sexually offended. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 27, 71-90. Doi: 10.1177/1079063214554958
  14. O’Shea, L.E., & Dickens, G.L. (2015). Contribution of Protective Factors Assessment to Risk Prediction: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. European Psychiatry conference, 30, 211. Doi: 10.1016/S0924-9338(15)30171-1
  15. Tozdan, S., Briken, P., Yoon, D., von Franqué, F. (2015). Risk and Protective Factors Among Sexual Offenders: Relapse Prediction and Changes During Treatment. Psychiatrische Praxis (German). Doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1387404
  16. Turner, D., Rettenberger, M., Yoon, D., Klein, V., Eher, R., & Briken, P. (2014). Risk Assessment in Child Sexual Abusers working with Children. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, online first. Doi: 10.1177/1079063214564390
  17. Viljoen, S. (2014). Examining the utility of strengths and protective factors in violence risk assessment measures in a tertiary civil psychiatric population. Doctoral Thesis. Simon Fraser University.
  18. Zeng, G., Chu, C.M., & Lee, Y. (2015). Assessing protective factors of youth who sexually offended in Singapore: Preliminary evidence on the utility of the DASH-13 and the SAPROF. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 27, 91-108. Doi: 10.1177/1079063214561684

 


The following works make reference to the SAPROF:

  1. Bertsch, I., & Cano, J.P. (2015). Motivational approach with sexual offenders: Review of the literature and clinical aspects. Published online first in the Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive (French). Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcc.2015.03.002
  2. de Vogel, V., de Vries Robbé, M., de Ruiter, C., & Bouman, Y.H.A. (2011). Assessing protective factors in forensic psychiatric practice. Introducing the SAPROF. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 10, 171-177. Doi: 10.1080/14999013.2011.600230
  3. de Vries Robbé, M. (2014). Protective factors. Validation of the structured assessment of protective factors for violence risk in forensic psychiatry. Utrecht, The Netherlands: Van der Hoeven Kliniek. Available from www.saprof.com/content/2014/03/PhD-thesis-SAPROF.
  4. de Vries Robbé, M., & de Vogel, V. (2009). Assessing protective factors for violence risk. American Psychology-Law Society News, 29, 11-12.
  5. de Vries Robbé, M., & de Vogel, V. (2012). SAPROF 2nd Edition manual updated Research chapter. Utrecht: Van der Hoeven Stichting.
  6. de Vries Robbé, M., & de Vogel, V. (2013). Protective factors for violence risk: Bringing balance to risk assessment. In C. Logan, & L. Johnstone (Eds.), Managing Clinical Risk: A guide to effective practice (pp. 293-310). London: Routledge.
  7. de Vries Robbé, M., de Vogel, V., & Stam, J. (2012). Protective factors for violence risk: The value for clinical practice. Psychology, 3, 1259-1263. Doi:10.4236/psych.2012.312A187
  8. de Vries Robbé, M., Mann, R.E., Maruna, S., & Thornton, D. (2015). An exploration of protective factors supporting desistance from sexual offending. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 27, 16-33. Doi: 10.1177/1079063214547582
  9. Flores de Apodaca, R., Blake, B.T., Stevens, L.P. (2015). Risk assessments in violence and sex cases: Current, practical advice for attorneys employing mental health experts. American International Journal of Social Science, 4, 13-20.
  10. Glowacz, F. & Born, M. (2015). Away from delinquency and crime: The role of resilience and protective factors. In: J. Morizot, & L. Kazemian (Eds.), The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Theory, Research and Practical Applications (283-294). Springer International Publishing. http://hdl.handle.net/2268/176503
  11. Harris, G.T., & Rice, M.E. (2015). Progress in violence risk assessment and communication: Hypothesis versus evidence. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 33, 128–145. Doi: 10.1002/bsl.2157
  12. Javaid, S., e.a. (2012). Integrating advanced research training into higher professional development for senior psychiatric trainees: The Liverpool SAPROF2 experience. Poster.
  13. Jones, N.J., Brown, S.L., Robinson, D., & Frey, D. (2015). Incorporating strengths into quantitative assessments of criminal risk for adult offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 42, 321–338. Doi: 10.1177/0093854814547041
  14. Kivisto, A.J. (2015). Violence risk assessment and management in outpatient clinical practice. Published online first in Journal of Clinical Psychology. Doi: 10.1002/jclp.22243
  15. Langton, C.M., & Worling, J.R. (2015). Introduction to the special issue on factors positively associated with desistance for adolescents and adults who have sexually offended. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 27, 3-15. Doi: 10.1177/1079063214568423
  16. O’Shea, L.E. & Dickens, G.L. (2015). Performance of protective factors assessment in risk prediction for adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. Paper accepted for publication in Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice.
  17. Pham, T., e.a. (2015). International survey of violence risk assessment practices: Presentation of Belgian data. Annales Médico-psychologiques Revue Psychiatrique (French).
  18. Serin, R.C., Chadwick, N., & Lloyd, C.D. (2015). Dynamic risk and protective factors. Published online first in Psychology, Crime & Law. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2015.1112013
  19. Shiina, A. (2015). Risk assessment and manage¬ment of violence in patients with mental disorders: A re¬view. HSOA Journal of Forensic, Legal & Investigative Sciences, 1, 1-5.
  20. Singh, J.P., e.a. (2014). International Perspectives on the Practical Application of Violence Risk Assessment: A Global Survey of 44 Countries. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 13, 193-206. Doi: 10.1080/14999013.2014.922141
  21. Thornton, D. (2015). Developing a theory of dynamic risk. Published online first in Psychology, Crime & Law. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2015.1109092

 

References to publications in Dutch

  1. Koster, K., de Vries Robbé, M., & de Vogel, V. (2012). Beschermende factoren bij seksuele  delinquenten. Een retrospectieve studie naar de validiteit van de SAPROF bij ex-terbeschikkinggestelde seksueel delinquenten in de FPC Dr. S. van Mesdagen de Van derHoeven Kliniek. GZ-psychologie, 6, 8-15.
  2. de Vogel, V., de Ruiter, C., & Bouman, Y. (2007). Meten van protectieve factoren en het belang hiervan voor behandeling in forensische settings: Introductie van de SAPROF. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 33, 102-119.
  3. de Vries Robbé, M., & de Vogel, V. (2012). Onderzoek met de SAPROF. SAPROF 2e Editie handleiding. Utrecht: De Forensische Zorgspecialisten.
  4. de Vries Robbé, M., & de Vogel, V. (2013). Beschermende factoren voor gewelddadig gedrag: De waarde voor risicotaxatie en behandeling. In P. van derHelm, U. Kroger, P. Schaftenaar, & J. van Vliet(Eds.) Leefklimaat in de gesloten psychiatrische zorg en TBS. Amsterdam, Uitgeverij SWP.

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